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Government ‘reform’ could cost creditors more than £150m per year, warns R3

  • Reforms would benefit directors that have wrongly taken money from failed businesses;
  • Up to £70m of taxpayers’ money at risk

Creditors face losing more than £150m per year if the Government follows through with plans to end an exemption for insolvency litigation from the ‘Jackson’ legal aid reforms, warns an independent report commissioned by the insolvency profession.

Insolvency practitioners regularly need to take legal action to reclaim money from directors of insolvent businesses, or third parties, that should be re-directed to creditors – including HMRC and SMEs. Where there is no money left in an insolvent business to pay for legal fees, often the only way to fund legal action is to recover costs from the director in a successful case.

Insolvency litigation currently has an exemption from the Jackson reforms, introduced in 2013. The reforms prevent costs from being fully recovered from defendants. Ministers plan to scrap insolvency litigation’s exemption in April 2015.

Without the ability to recover costs fully from a director, insolvency practitioners fear legal action to reclaim debts from directors would be unaffordable in most cases, leaving money in the hands of unscrupulous directors and out of creditors’ reach.

The Government’s plans would affect creditors’ claims of up to £300m which are pursued through the courts every year – including the pursuit of up to £70m that belongs to taxpayers and HMRC. Approximately £160m is brought back to creditors every year, an amount  that insolvency practitioners say is rising.

Phillip Sykes, deputy vice-president of R3, says: “Insolvency litigation is absolutely in the public interest, and it is absurd that the Government is considering making it all but impossible for such cases to continue. The ‘Jackson’ reforms were supposed to protect exactly this type of case.”

“The Government’s only justification for ending the exemption is that it would make the ‘Jackson’ reforms consistent across the board, regardless of the consequences. It’s just lazy thinking.”

Phillip Sykes adds: “Insolvency litigation returns money to creditors, and helps ensure businesses and banks remain confident about lending. It protects taxpayer funds, it stops directors making off with money that isn’t theirs, and it deters directors from even thinking about doing so in the first place.”

“Should the exemption be removed, only a few large cases involving wealthy, motivated creditors would go ahead. SMEs and taxpayers would lose out – and irresponsible directors would be laughing.”

78% of insolvency practitioners’ average cases bring back up to £100k for creditors – these smaller cases could not proceed without the insolvency litigation exemption. 

The vast majority (83%) of cases brought by insolvency practitioners settle before court. The report finds that almost 89% of these would not do so without insolvency litigation’s ‘Jackson’ exemption.

Phillip Sykes explains: “The threat of having costs recovered from them encourages directors to settle before cases reach court. This means lower legal costs, lower insolvency practitioner fees, and higher returns for creditors.”

“Without the threat of recoverable costs, directors know most creditors won’t be able to afford a lengthy court fight to retrieve funds. They will be much less concerned about the ramifications of taking money that isn’t theirs from a business.”

The report, by Professor Peter Walton of the University of Wolverhampton, was commissioned by R3 with the support of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, the Insolvency Practitioners Association, the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, the Institute of Chartered Accountants Scotland, claims specialists JLT Specialty, solicitors Moon Beever, and accountants Moore Stephens LLP.

Read more:

  • The full report is here.

Notes to editors:

  • R3 is the trade body for Insolvency Professionals and represents the UK’s Insolvency Practitioners.

  • R3 comments on a wide variety of personal and corporate insolvency issues. Contact the press office, or see for further information.

  • R3 promotes best practice for professionals working with financially troubled individuals and businesses; all R3 members are regulated by recognised professional bodies
  • R3 stands for 'Rescue, Recovery, and Renewal' and is also known as the Association of Business Recovery Professionals.